The research deals with loneliness in Milan Kundera’s novel “The Unbearable Lightness of Being”, Bohumil Hrabal’s novel “Too Loud a Solitude” and Mati Unt’s novel “Autumn Ball”. The aim of the research was to find out which types of loneliness are reflected in the books and in what ways they manifest. The theoretical part provides an overview of the concept of loneliness, as well as various classifications of it, from which the classification of the American philosopher Rubin Gotesky was chosen as the basis for the analysis. The analysis revealed that there are four types of loneliness: forced, voluntary, existential, and physical. They manifest in the philosophical ideas of the novels, in the relationships between the characters, in their self-images, inner worlds, and in space.
Emma Lotta Lõhmus